FORUMCategory: BioinformaticsBLAST e-value
nibeh Staff asked 2 years ago

  • Can someone please explain what the BLAST e-value represents and how it is calculated? Thanks a lot.

    1 Answers
    Best Answer
    Eloi Mercier Staff answered 2 years ago

  • From the documentation:

    The Expect value (E) is a parameter that describes the number of hits one can “expect” to see by chance when searching a database of a particular size. It decreases exponentially as the Score (S) of the match increases. Essentially, the E value describes the random background noise. For example, an E value of 1 assigned to a hit can be interpreted as meaning that in a database of the current size one might expect to see 1 match with a similar score simply by chance.
    The lower the E-value, or the closer it is to zero, the more “significant” the match is. However, keep in mind that virtually identical short alignments have relatively high E values. This is because the calculation of the E value takes into account the length of the query sequence. These high E values make sense because shorter sequences have a higher probability of occurring in the database purely by chance. For more details please see the calculations in the BLAST Course.

    I hope this helps.

    nibeh Staff replied 2 years ago

    Awesome! Thanks. That clears a lot up.